|A drawing of a "Bushman" based off of sightings (specifically the 1964 sighting by a boy named Jerry and his father)|
© Loren Coleman and Patrick Huyghe 1999, 2006; © Harry Trumbore 1999, 2006.
|A map showing reports of "Bushmen" around the world. The area of focus is circled here.|
(from The Field Guide to Bigfoot and Other Mystery Primates)
HUMAN INTERACTION:Interaction between Homo sapiens and Bushmen has been described in many legends of Native Americans. Many of these legends indicate a violent race of "giants". In fact, Northwestern Native American reports of "cannibal giants" could be interpreted as indicating that a group of hairy hominoids in Northwest are species of humans. While Native American legends are not always true, legends of hairy wild people have actually been thought of as having truth by quite a few anthropologists. The term "cannibal" being used to describe hairy hominoids in this region very likely reflects the fact that these primates were often thought of as "another tribe" and were seen as humans. Reports of cannibalistic hominids also existed in the East, in the stories of Wendigo and Stone Giants. Bushmen could have had a range into the East in the past, or could have (and maybe still do, as many Eastern "Bigfoot" reports describe a distinctly human like hominoid) traveled there through Canada. Different species of humans (such as Homo sapiens and Neanderthals) have fought and cannibalized in the past, and a more primitive and ape-like primate (like Bigfoot or Sasquatch) would not be as violent.
|A drawing of cannibalistic Neanderthals|
|A vintage British Columbian toy, reflecting the fact that "sasquatch" were thought of as another tribe of humans.|
|The Nahanni Valley: home to a dangerous tribe of hominids?|
(Different pictures of the Nahanni Valley and a drawing of Neanderthals)
BUSHMEN FOOTPRINTS:Footprints are actually some of the best evidence for unknown hairy hominoids as they often exhibit features that would be extremely difficult to fake (unless you were an expert on primates). However, separating the Bushmen footprints from Sasquatch footprints has been a task that very few people (if anyone) have attempted to do. There are very few footprints that have been recognized as different from the rest, and very few that seem to likely be from Bushmen. But thanks to the work of Dale Drinnon (Frontiers of Zoology) and Tyler Stone (The New Zoology - A Global Study of Mystery Animals), I have noticed a specific footprint that is very different than the common Sasquatch footprints and is intriguingly similar to Neanderthal footprints instead!
|The footprint in question|
|The fossilized footprint shown has a more apparent arch than the footprint cast. However, the cast matches drawings of other fossilized Neanderthal footprints quite well.|
|A view of the toes, which shows the marks made by pine needles that went between the toes.|
|A better photograph of the Peter Byrne cast, by Cliff Barackman|
POSSIBLE BUSHMAN TOOTH FOUND IN CLAIFORNIA:
|Different images of the molar by Mike Rugg. |
The tooth on the left in the pictures below is one of Mike's teeth for comparison.
I think that Dale did an awesome job in his analysis, as the taurodontism is actually very evident. Drinnon's great analysis can be found here: http://frontiersofzoology.blogspot.com/2013/01/bigfoot-museum-big-tooth.html
|My comparison between the Scotts Valley molar and the Neanderthal molar that Drinnon presented as being very similar.|
|Note the Taurodontism in both molars. Both also seem to have a crown that was worn flat.|
Further information can be found here: http://bigfootdiscoveryproject.blogspot.com/2013/01/the-mystery-tooth-at-museum.html
LANGUAGE:While there are actually a small amount of reports of Bigfoot using a language of their own, the only evidence for this comes from the Northwest (near the reported location of the Wild People). Contrary to the rest of North America, reports of hairy Wild People speaking in an unknown language abound in the Northwest (although it is possible that Bushmen have travelled down from Canadian regions into areas other than the Northwest, and are responsible for language claims in other states). There are even claims of Northwestern "Bigfoot" speaking words of the First Nations people and having an Asiatic tones. Upon reexamining the famous Albert Ostman case, it seems apparent that (if the story and this Wild People theory are to be believed) he encountered the Northwestern Bushmen instead of the ape like Sasquatch. This is readily apparent by the descriptions of the "Sasquatch" as looking just like large hairy people and the description of the animals speaking a language to each other (and even trying to speak to Albert). There are many other stories of the strange chatter like speech of the Bushmen (although they are often referred to as "Sasquatch", because the term Sasquatch is applied to all hairy hominoids in the Northwest region). As mentioned before, there have been claims of the Bushmen speaking in the dialect of Native Americans in that region. These stories (if they are to be believed) help reinforce the fact that the Bushmen are far more human like than Sasquatch, and are likely of the genus Homo. To read more about stories of the language of Bushmen, please read here: http://www.bigfootencounters.com/articles/fateoct04.htm. Please note that I am not agreeing with or endorsing the views of the article, I am simply sharing the information.
While eyewitness accounts and stories of Wild People using a language are not good evidence, audio recordings are. The most famous audio evidence (and the only verified by an expert to be language that I am aware of) is known as the Sierra Sounds. These recordings were made on expeditions to the Sierra Nevada Mountains during the 1970's by Al Berry and Ron Morehead. The men were in a hunting camp where large footprints and strange animal activity were being reported. The Sierra Sounds have always been endorsed as evidence of Bigfoot or Sasquatch language, but the fact that reports of language using hominoids only come from the Northwest regions (where the Bushmen are reported) indicates that the Bigfoot association may not be true. It seems more likely that (of the sounds are real) the recordings are from Bushmen, rather than Sasquatch (which are reported as being far more primitive). Interestingly, other vocalizations that are associated with Bushmen, such as whistling, occur in the Sierra recordings. I asked primatologist Michael Reid about the recordings through Twitter and he said that, while some parts of the recording sounded like a real animal, other parts sounded unnatural. While I also think that the sounds are kind of unnatural at times, I have spoken to and heard of quite a few well researched people who think that the sounds are authentic. Several human sound experts feel that the sounds are likely authentic, also. Professor R. Lynn Kirlin has stated that ‘vocal features corresponding to a larger physical size than man' exist in the recordings and that the recordings do not show any sign of being prerecorded or rerecorded at an altered speed. Retired Navy Crypto-Linguist Scott Nelson has done deep analysis into the Sierra Sounds and has determined that the 'creatures' in the recordings use "language by the human definition of it". It does seem that the Sierra Sounds may be authentic recordings of some kind of unknown hominid in eastern California, which would make sense if Bushmen do exist. I have included some samples of the Sierra Sounds here. Cd's of the recordings can be bought at this website: http://www.bigfootsounds.com//
Samples from Youtube and other websites:
TOOL AND CLOTHING USE:Professor Rudy Reimer had done archaeological work on the shores of British Columbia, for the purpose of finding stone tools and other artifacts used by Native Americans. He is an indigenous archaeologist of the Squamish Nation, and has made a bizarre discovery. He had discovered stone tools in isolated and out of the way areas in British Columbia. Not only did these tools appear to have been recently used, they were found in areas where local Native American tribes say the Smaylih (meaning Wild People) live! Please view this document for more information on Reimer's work regarding the Smaylih: http://digitalcommons.mcmaster.ca/nexus/vol20/iss1/1/.
|Archaeologist Rudy Reimer|
POSSIBLE FOSSIL ORIGINS:Interestingly, there seems to be fossil evidence for the Bushmen. However, these fossil finds are not widely discussed for the reasons that mainstream scientists do not wish to support controversial finds that are outside of established theories and may endanger their reputation. Because of this, these finds are often discredited or simply ignored. One of the most interesting theories regarding the origin of Bushmen is the possibility that they are relict Neanderthals. Dale Drinnon, cryptozoology researcher (with a degree in Anthropology) and author of the blog Frontiers of Zoology, commented on my 'Relic Neanderthal Remains?' article with this:
"Ignoring the taxonomy of Neanderthals for the moment, there are actually quite a few recent (Holocene or postglacial) finds attributed to the category including both Europe and Asia on the one hand and both of the Americas on the other. A number of these finds are "Intergrades" or "Halfbreeds" to more modern types of humans and it does seem that some crossbreeding has always been going on. The most recent of these finds are very recent indeed, a hundred years old or less. A number of finds right after the end of the Ice Ages are fully Neanderthal but the dating on all of these has been called into question. This does include finds in both China and Mongolia. And many of the later finds are treated as regular humans and given ordinary burials, so they were theoretically integrated into native societies."
Please explore his blog (frontiersofzoology.blogspot.com~specifically the article http://frontiersofzoology.blogspot.com/2012/02/neanderthal-skeleton-in-chainmail-and.html ) for more information about these alleged postglacial Neanderthal fossils.
|Did Neanderthals survive much later than thought?|
|Evidence of American Neanderthals, or just a deliberate fraud?|
|The evidence that I have examined seems to indicate that a relict Neanderthal is the best fit for Bushmen reports.|
|Some of the eoliths found at the "Calico Early Man" site|
|According to archaeologyfieldwork.com:|
"There is no possibility that this object could be a geofact produced by natural geologic processes"
|Banner from Skepticblog.org. |
I am such a wacko psuedoscientific blogger for daring to support the idea that these were human artifacts, huh?
|The large, possibly non-sapiens hominid bones found in Greenland.|
|The supraorbital arch found at Lake Chapala Mexico.|
|Neanderthal, Homo Heidelbergensis, or an isolated tribe of Homo sapiens?|
Early reports of "Sasquatch" were often reported as Wild People or Lost Tribes, but have now shifted to the more ape-like Bigfoot. Is it possible that the Bushmen have died out in great numbers due to their dependence on a world where the only other people are Native Americans? The Bushmen seemed to have had a pretty advanced culture, depended on the forests to provide, and survived through peaceful coexistence with Native Americans. So when the European settlers arrived and affected the Northwestern Native Americans through disease, war, and hunting, could they have also affected the other indigenous people there (the Bushmen)? Dale Drinnon theorizes that the Bushmen had an advantage over the other native people (Homo sapiens), until European settlers arrived with guns. The much wilder Wood Apes (a term for the hairy hominoids in North America that seem to be bipedal apes, a.k.a. Bigfoot) did not depend upon a peaceful coexistence that involved trading and such with Native Americans, and have thus been able to survive in much greater numbers today. The Wood Apes are now the dominant (and more culturally popular) species, and have even possibly been filmed and photographed (such as in the Patterson Film). But do Bushmen still exist in small numbers? We have yet to film one and the more Neanderthaloid prints of the Bushmen are rarely found. Have we driven this species into extinction, without even discovering it? Time will tell, and hopefully we will be able to discover this amazing hominid (if it exists) very soon. If Bushmen are out there, they could be one of the greatest zoological discoveries: the discovery of another species of the genus Homo living in the wilderness of the Pacific Northwest.
|There seems to have been a shift in reports: Bushmen reports are less common and Wood Ape reports are the dominant kind.|
(Bushmen on left; examples of Wood Ape prints, possible footage, and possible fossil origin on right)
HUMAN INTERACTION CITATIONS:
- "Bigfoot Evidence: Bigfoot Is A Cannibal?" Bigfoot Evidence: Bigfoot Is A Cannibal? N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://bigfootevidence.blogspot.com/2012/09/bigfoot-is-cannibal.html.
- "Cryptomundofor Bigfoot, Lake Monsters, Sea Serpents and More." Default Cryptomundo RSS 20. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://www.cryptomundo.com/cryptozoo-news/bf-cannibal/.
- "Rhettman Mullis on Patrick, the Human-Bigfoot Hybrid." Examiner.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://www.examiner.com/article/rhettman-mullis-on-patrick-the-human-bigfoot-hybrid.
- Coleman, Loren, and Patrick Huyghe. The Field Guide to Bigfoot and Other Mystery Primates. San Antonio, TX: Anomalist, 2006. 52-53. Print
- "Tales of the Weird." : The Valley Of The Headless Men. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://raven-talesoftheweird.blogspot.com/2011/02/valley-of-headless-men.html.
- "Frontiers of Zoology: Waheela." Frontiers of Zoology: Waheela. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://frontiersofzoology.blogspot.com/2012/05/waheela.html.
- "The New Zoology - A Global Study of Mystery Animals." : Neanderthals, Eastern Bigfoot, and the Minnesota Iceman (Part Three): Eastern Bigfoot and Marked Hominids. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://cryptoanimals.blogspot.com/2012/04/neanderthals-eastern-bigfoot-and_20.html.
- "1960 Bluff Creek." CliffBarackmancom. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://cliffbarackman.com/bigfoot-prints/cast-index/1960-bluff-creek/.
- Meldrum, Jeff. Sasquatch: Legend Meets Science. New York: Forge, 2006. Print.
- "Discovering Bigfoot: The Mystery Tooth At The Museum." Discovering Bigfoot: The Mystery Tooth At The Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://bigfootdiscoveryproject.blogspot.com/2013/01/the-mystery-tooth-at-museum.html.
- "Frontiers of Zoology: Bigfoot Museum Big Tooth." Frontiers of Zoology: Bigfoot Museum Big Tooth. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://frontiersofzoology.blogspot.com/2013/01/bigfoot-museum-big-tooth.html.
- Bigfoot: "Do Sasquatches Have a Language?" - - Fate Magazine, October 2004." Bigfoot: "Do Sasquatches Have a Language?" - - Fate Magazine, October 2004. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://www.bigfootencounters.com/articles/fateoct04.htm.
- "BigfootSounds.Com." BigfootSoundsCom. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://www.bigfootsounds.com//.
- ""Smaylilh or Wild People Archaeology" by Rudy Reimer." "Smaylilh or Wild People Archaeology" by Rudy Reimer. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://digitalcommons.mcmaster.ca/nexus/vol20/iss1/1/.
- Coleman, Loren, and Patrick Huyghe. The Field Guide to Bigfoot and Other Mystery Primates. San Antonio, TX: Anomalist, 2006. Print.
- Coleman, Loren, and Patrick Huyghe. "Hiding In Plain Sight." The Field Guide to Bigfoot and Other Mystery Primates. San Antonio, TX: Anomalist, 2006. 170. Print.
- "Patagonian Monsters." Neanderthal-like Skulls in Minnesota. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://patagoniamonsters.blogspot.com/2011/01/neanderthal-like-skulls-in-minnesota.html.
- Coleman, Loren, and Patrick Huyghe. "Marked Hominid." The Field Guide to Bigfoot and Other Mystery Primates. San Antonio, TX: Anomalist, 2006. 22. Print.
- Meldrum, Jeff. Sasquatch: Legend Meets Science. New York: Forge, 2006. Print.
- "Skepticblog." Â» Leakeyâs Luck-or Leakeyâs Laughingstock? N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2013. http://www.skepticblog.org/2012/01/18/leakeys-luck-or-leakeys-laughingstock/.
- "Archaeologyfieldwork.com - Calico Artifacts." Archaeologyfieldwork.com - Calico Artifacts. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://www.archaeologyfieldwork.com/AFW/Message/Topic/807/Discussion/calico-artifacts.
- "DNA Expertâs View of the Ketchum Bigfoot DNA Claim." Doubtful News. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2013. http://doubtfulnews.com/2012/12/dna-experts-view-of-the-ketchum-bigfoot-dna-claim/.